What are the 3 eponymous physical exam findings in patients with bacterial endocarditis and who were they named after?
- Painful, erythematous nodules of the hands and feet
- Named after Sir William Osler in 1908.
- Nontender, erythematous or hemorrhagic macular or nodular lesions on the palms or soles
- Named after Theodore Caldwell Janeway in the late 1800s.
- Retinal hemorrhages with white or pale centers.
- Named after Swiss pathologist Mortiz Roth in 1872
- Osler W. Chronic Infectious Endocarditis. Quarterly Journal of Medicine. 1908;2:219-230.
Ruiz-García J, Canal-Fontcuberta I. Diagnosis of Active Infective Endocarditis from Examination of the Toes and Soles. The American Journal of Cardiology. 2016;118(7):1094. [pubmed]
Khanna N, Roy A, Bahl VK. Janeway lesions: an old sign revisited. Circulation. 2013;127(7):861. [pubmed]
Sethi K, Buckley J, de Wolff J. Splinter haemorrhages, Osler’s nodes, Janeway lesions and Roth spots: the peripheral stigmata of endocarditis. British Journal of Hospital Medicine. 2013;74(9):C139-42. [pubmed]