Other Known Aliases – none
Definition – Small, fluid filled cysts on the hard palate of newborns that are most commonly found along the median palatal raphae.
Clinical Significance – None. These are completely normal and occur in 65-80% of newborns. The are formed by epithelium that becomes trapped during palatal development.
History – Named after Alois Epstein (1849-1918), who was a Czechoslovakian pediatrician, graduating from the University of Prague in 1873. His career was highlighted by becoming the first physician-in-chief for the University of Prague hospital in 1873 and being appointed to professor at the University of Prague in 1884. He first described these findings in 1880.
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Lewis DM. Bohn’s nodules, Epstein’s pearls, and gingival cysts of the newborn: a new etiology and classification. Journal – Oklahoma Dental Association. ; 101(3):32-3. [pubmed]
Singh RK, Kumar R, Pandey RK, Singh K. Dental lamina cysts in a newborn infant. BMJ case reports. 2012; 2012:. [pubmed]
- Epstein A. Ueber die Gelbsucht bei Neugeborenen Kindern. Leipsic. 1880. [book]