PAINE #PANCE Pearl – Cardiovascular



What is the most common congenital heart defect seen in adults?

  • Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
  • Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
  • Coarctation of the Aorta
  • Tetralogy of Fallot




Atrial septal defect (ASD) is the most common congenital heart defect that will be first diagnosed in adulthood with an incidence around 13% of all congenital heart defects.  Most are asymptomatic and are found during routine physical exams, by a presence of a murmur, or incidentally due to increased use of echocardiography in the clinical setting.


  1. Facts about Atrial Septal Defect.  Centers for Disease Control. 2016.
  2. Krasuski RA. Congenital Heart Disease in the Adult. Cleveland Clinic. 2010.
  3. van der Linde D, Konings EE, Slager MA. Birth prevalence of congenital heart disease worldwide: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2011; 58(21):2241-7. [pubmed]

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