Other Known Aliases – Capsula glomeruli, glomerular capsule
Definition – Double walled, cup-like capsule surrounding the glomerulus
Clinical Significance –It is made up of two poles: a vascular pole (afferent and efferent arterioles) and a urinary pole (proximal convoluted tubule). Within the capsule, there is a parietal layer and visceral layer with a space in between. This is where ultrafiltration takes place and urine is filtered from the blood.
History – Named after Sir William Bowman (1816-1892), who was an English ophthalmologist, histologist, and anatomist, and first identified this structure in 1841. He published his findings at the age of 25 and was awarded The Royal Medal by the Royal Society of London.
He was well known for his extensive use microscopes in visualizing structures of the human body and publishing two works with his mentor, Robert Bentley Todd, entitled “Physiological Anatomy and Physiology of Man” and “Cyclopaedia of Anatomy and Physiology”.
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